Acute postexercise time course responses of hypertrophic vs. Power-Endurance Squat Exercise Protocols on Maximal and Rapid Torque of the Knee Extensors

Eric C. Conchola, Ryan M. Thiele, Ty B. Palmer, Doug B. Smith, Brennan J. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a medium-intensity high-volume vs. explosive squat protocol on the postexercise time course responses of maximal and rapid strength of the knee extensors. Seventeen resistance-trained men (mean ± SD: age 22.0 ± 2.6 years) performed maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) of the knee extensors before and after performing a squat workout using either a low-intensity fast velocity (LIFV) (5 × 16 at 40% 1 repetition maximum) or a traditional high-intensity slow velocity (TISV) (5 × 8 at 80% 1RM) exercise protocol. For each MVC, peak torque (PT), peak rate of torque development (RTDpeak), absolute (RTDabs), and relative RTD (RTDnorm) at early (0-50 milliseconds) and late (100-200 milliseconds) phases of muscle contraction were examined at pre- (Pre) and post-exercise at 0, 7, 15, and 30 (Post0...30) minutes. There were no intensity × time interactions for any variables (p 0.098-0.832). Peak torque was greater at Pre than Post0 and Post7 (p 0.001-0.016) but was not greater than Post15 and Post30 (p 0.010-0.189). RTDpeak and early absolute RTD (RTD50abs) were greater at Pre than all postexercise time phases (p 0.001-0.050); however, later absolute RTD (RTD100-200abs) was only greater at Pre than Post0 and Post30 (p 0.013-0.048). Early relative RTD (RTD50norm) was only higher at Pre compared with Post0 (p 0.023), whereas no differences were observed for later relative RTD (RTD100-200norm) (p 0.920-0.990). Low-intensity fast velocity and TISV squat protocols both yielded acute decreases in maximal and rapid strength capacities following free-weight squats, with rapid strength showing slower recovery characteristics than maximal strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1294
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 2015

Keywords

  • explosive strength
  • neuromuscular fatigue
  • quadriceps
  • rate of force development
  • recovery

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