Accounting for high stress gradient by a modified weibull failure theory

S. Ekwaro-Osire, M. P.H. Khandaker, K. Gautam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A high stress gradient occurs in a component when the stress, due to external loading, rises asymptotically. The Weibull failure theory overestimates the probability of failure for components with high stress gradients generated due to the geometric irregularities, material mismatch, thermal mismatch, and contact loading. A modified Weibull failure theory is proposed in this paper. The method is based on the weight function method. The modified Weibull failure theory was applied to two specimens, and the results showed the ability of the proposed theory to handle high stress gradients. The theory considers variable equivalent stress intensity factors along the faces of cracks; hence, it considers the strength of a specimen to be dependent on the stress field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110041-110048
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • High stress gradient
  • Weibull failure theory
  • Weight function method


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