Abdominocentesis in the Postpartum Mare

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Abdominal discomfort can occur in the post-foaling mare for a number of reasons including a primary gastrointestinal issue, uterine or broad ligament hematoma, secondary gastrointestinal issue, peritonitis due to vaginal, cervical, or uterine tear, urinary bladder rupture, or lesions in other abdominal organs. Ultrasound should be used to guide abdominal paracentesis to locate fluid in the ventral abdomen. In addition, the characteristics and amount of peritoneal fluid should be noted. Hyperechoic fluid may indicate free blood within the abdomen or a hypercellular inflammatory fluid. Fluid obtained from abdominocentesis should be submitted to a diagnostic laboratory for gross, biochemical, and microscopic analysis. This chapter discusses step by step procedure for performing teat cannula technique and needle technique in the postpartum mare.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEquine Reproductive Procedures
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781118904398
ISBN (Print)9780470960394
StatePublished - Aug 25 2014


  • Abdominocentesis
  • Peritoneal fluid
  • Postpartum mare
  • Teat cannula


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