An ab initio theoretical approach has been used to calculate optimized geometries and the relative energies of various compositional arrangements in structures of dioctahedral smectites based on models consisting of two unit-cells. These calculations indicate that the energy differences between structures having vacancies in sites with cis- or trans-OH coordination are small and that their relative energies vary with the chemical nature of the substitutions. For example, a cis-OH coordination for the vacancy was the most stable when the interlayer charge originated from substitution of Al for Si in the tetrahedral sheet, whereas the trans-coordination was the more stable for most cases of substitution in the octahedral sheet, an exception being Fe(II) for Al where the cis-OH coordination was favored. It seems likely, therefore, that long-range structural disorder will be a common phenomenon in natural phyllosilicate specimens.
- Ab initio
- Cis- and Trans-coordination