A workflow to investigate the impact of the spontaneous imbibition of a slickwater fracturing fluid on the near fracture face shale matrix

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Abstract

The present study used the workflow presented in Al-Ameri et al. (2018a, 2018b) to evaluate the impact of the fracturing fluid imbibition on the near fracture face shale matrix. Al-Ameri et al. (2018b) used carbonaterich outcrop shale core samples that had very low and no clay content. However, in this workflow, core samples from the Barnett reservoir that had an abundant amount of quartz and clay were used. The primary aspect of the current study is to investigate the mutual effect of the shale rock petrophysical properties and the polymer adsorption; moreover, the effect of the shale mineralogical composition on the rock prone to adsorb polymer. The effect of the non-ionic surfactant on the imbibition rates, and also the anisotropy on the rock ability for polymer adsorption were also investigated. The results of this workflow were compared to the Marcellus samples results presented in Al-Ameri et al. (2018b). The workflow incorporates conducting three systematic imbibition experiments for a same shale core sample using brine, slickwater, and brine again. The sample brine permeability was measured before and after the imbibition experiments using a constant rate steady-state permeability setup. The results showed that the polymer adsorption reduces the brine spontaneous imbibition volumes. Moreover, the shale petrophysical properties could dominate the polymer adsorption more than the mineralogical composition. Adding a non-ionic surfactant to the slickwater enhanced the imbibition rate considerably into both of the Barnett and Marcellus shale samples, and that improves the fluid flowback in these shales. The bedding planes and their orientation are among the factors that control the effect of the polymer adsorption on the fluid imbibition rate. The more obvious are the bedding planes, the higher impact of the polymer adsorption on the fluid imbibition rate. However, the petrophysical properties have more effect on the shale prone to adsorb the polymer than the bedding plane orientation. The effect of the polymer adsorption slightly increased the capillary pressure curve. However, as the porosity and permeability increase, the effect of the polymer adsorption on the capillary pressure increases. In comparison to the Eagle Ford shale, the Barnett and Marcellus shales had lower capillary pressure, and that could be one of the reasons of their higher fluid flowback. The impact of the polymer adsorption on the water relative permeability was less for the Barnett sample in comparison to the Marcellus sample because of its lower porosity and permeability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPE/AAPG Eastern Regional Meeting 2018, ERM 2018
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
ISBN (Electronic)9781613996386
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
EventSPE/AAPG Eastern Regional Meeting 2018, ERM 2018 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: Oct 7 2018Oct 11 2018

Publication series

NameSPE Eastern Regional Meeting
Volume2018-October

Conference

ConferenceSPE/AAPG Eastern Regional Meeting 2018, ERM 2018
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period10/7/1810/11/18

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    Al-Ameri, A., Gamadi, T., Ispas, I., & Watson, M. (2018). A workflow to investigate the impact of the spontaneous imbibition of a slickwater fracturing fluid on the near fracture face shale matrix. In SPE/AAPG Eastern Regional Meeting 2018, ERM 2018 (SPE Eastern Regional Meeting; Vol. 2018-October). Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). https://doi.org/10.2118/191830-18erm-ms