A unique transdisciplinary engineering-based integrated approach for the design of temporary refugee housing using kano, hoq/qfd, triz, ad, ism and dsm tools

Daniel Moran, Atila Ertas, Utku Gulbulak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The continued displacement of refugees from their homes and homelands (now greater than 50 million people worldwide) places increased focus and attention on evolving the designs of temporary housing that is available to be provided to the refugee population, especially in rural areas where housing does not already exist and must be constructed in very little time. Complex engineering problems involving social issues, such as this case study, benefit from the use of Integrated Transdisciplinary (TD) Tools (ITDT) to effectively and efficiently address the design questions related to them. The integrated use of TD Tools such as Kano Analysis, KJ Diagrams, Critical to Quality (CTQ), House of Quality (HOQ)/Quality Function Design (QFD), Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ), Axiomatic Design (AD), Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM), and Design Structure Matrix (DSM) through an end-to-end unique design process leads to innovation and elimination of design conflicts for especially complicated design problems. The objective of this study is to examine the design of temporary refugee housing using integrated TD tools mentioned above. This research concludes that the use of the ITDT approach provides an innovative, decoupled design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Axiomatic Design
  • Critical to Quality
  • Design Structure Matrix
  • Displacement
  • House of Quality
  • Interpretive Structural Modeling
  • KJ Diagram
  • Kano Analysis
  • Quality Function Deployment
  • Refugee housing
  • Transdisciplinary engineering

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