The present work addresses the associations between self-reported maternal parenting behaviours and aggression, personality and peer regard of children (n = 119) in early childhood (ages three-six years). A k-means cluster analysis derived types of mothers based on their relative use of autonomy support and restrictive control. Outcomes included mother and teacher reports of physical and relational aggression, personality and peer acceptance as well as a peer nominations procedure for social reception. As hypothesised, children of mothers who report demonstrating little autonomy support and high restrictive control were more aggressive, less agreeable, conscientious, extraverted, and less well accepted by their peers. Findings are discussed in terms of maternal attributions of maternal behaviour, child behaviour in multiple contexts, and differential perceptions of mothers and teachers.
- Cluster analysis
- Peer acceptance