A torsional dilatometer for volume change measurements on deformed glasses: Instrument description and measurements on equilibrated glasses

Randolph S. Duran, Gregory B. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

An automated mercury dilatometer has been designed and built for the purpose of making volume change measurements on cylindrical samples subjected to torsional deformations. In its current configuration the instrument takes readings of torque, normal force, and volume change upon application of a twist at one end of the sample. Volume change sensitivity of approximately 2⨯10—cm makes possible relative volume change measurements of the order of ΔV/Vo≃10-7 given the sample geometry. Over long times temperature stability limits this to approximately 2.5⨯10“5. The instrument is described and preliminary measurements are presented for epoxy glasses which have been equilibrated by annealing near to the glass transition. The results show that the volume of the sample tested at temperatures ranging from 10 K below the conventionally measured glass transition temperature Tg to Tg increases upon application of a torsional deformation. This result is contrary to results reported in the literature for samples tested well below Tg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-839
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Rheology
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1990

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