A survey of neonicotinoid use and potential exposure to northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) in the Rolling Plains of Texas and Oklahoma

Uday Turaga, Steven T. Peper, Nicholas R. Dunham, Naveen Kumar, Whitney Kistler, Sadia Almas, Steven M. Presley, Ronald J. Kendall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Northern bobwhite (quail) (Colinus virginianus) and scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) populations have declined dramatically in the Rolling Plains ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma (USA). There is rising concern about potential toxicity of neonicotinoids to birds. To investigate this concern, the authors examined crops of 81 northern bobwhite and 17 scaled quail to determine the presence or absence of seeds treated with 3 neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam). No treated seeds were found in the 98 crops examined. Liver samples from all 98 quail were collected and analyzed for neonicotinoid residues. Analysis revealed very low concentrations of neonicotinoids within the quail liver samples. The results suggest there is little to no risk of direct toxicity to quail from neonicotinoids. Environ Toxicol Chem 2016;35:1511–1515.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1511-1515
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Insecticides
  • Neonicotinoids
  • Northern bobwhite
  • Rolling Plains
  • Scaled quail
  • Texas
  • Treated seeds

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A survey of neonicotinoid use and potential exposure to northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) in the Rolling Plains of Texas and Oklahoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this