A sol-gel route to synthesize monolithic zinc oxide aerogels

Yanping P. Gao, Charlotte N. Sisk, Louisa J. Hope-Weeks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

The epoxide addition sol-gel process is a relatively new route to synthesize transition and main group metal oxide aerogels. Zinc oxide monoliths were obtained by sol-gel processing of an alcoholic zinc nitrate solution with propylene oxide as the gelation initiator. The alcogels were dried either by supercritical CO 2 fluid extraction (aerogel) or by ambient temperature slow evaporation (xerogel). The resulting materials were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HRSEM), nitrogen adsorption/desorption analysis, and photoluminescence (PL). Annealing of the aerogel at low temperatures (below 250° C) yields a highly crystalline material which exhibits a significant increase in photoluminescence while retaining the inherent characteristics of the original aerogel, including high surface area (> 100 m 2/g) and porosity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6007-6011
Number of pages5
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume19
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2007

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