This paper presents an extensive review of nonlinear response-based radar systems. Non-linear radars are generally used for clutter suppression purposes. These radars detect the nonlinear response generated by diodes and transistors are used as a tag for target localization. Utilizing the nonlinearity properties of these devices, these radars have been used for purposes including locating humans trapped in earthquakes and avalanches, identifying migratory patterns of animals, examining the flight pattern of bees, and detecting bugs in electronic devices. This paper covers the utilization of these radars in human vital signs monitoring, detecting targets in a clutter-rich environment, etc. State-of-the-art nonlinear radars’ high-level architectures, design challenges, and limitations are discussed here. Recent works and results obtained by the authors are also summarized.
- Clutter rejection
- Nonlinear radar