Ceramics and ceramic reinforced metal matrix composites (MMCs) are widely used in severe working conditions and have been applied in biomedical, aerospace, electronic, and other high-end engineering industries owing to their superior properties of high wear resistance, outstanding chemical inertness, and excellent properties at elevated temperatures. These superior properties, on the other hand, make it difficult to process these materials with conventional manufacturing methods, posing problems of high cost and energy consumptions. In response to this problem, direct additive manufacturing (AM), which is equipped with a high-power-density laser beam as heat source, has been developed and extensively employed for processing ceramics and ceramic reinforced MMCs. Compared with other direct AM processes, laser deposition-additive manufacturing (LD-AM) process excels in several aspects, such as lower labor intensity, higher fabrication efficiency, and capabilities of parts remanufacturing and functionally gradient composite materials fabrication. Besides these benefits, problems of poor bonding, cracking, lowered toughness, etc. still exist in LD-AM fabricated parts. This paper reviews developments on LD-AM of ceramics and ceramic reinforced MMCs in both bulk parts fabrication and cladding. Main issues to be solved, corresponding solutions, and the trend of development are summarized and discussed.
- B. Composites
- B. Defects
- C. Mechanical properties
- D. Traditional ceramics
- Laser deposition-additive manufacturing