A review of MongoDB and singularity container security in regards to HIPAA regulations

Akalanka Mailewa Dissanayaka, Susan Mengel, Roshan Ramprasad Shetty, Lisa Gittner, Samip Kothari, Ravi Vadapalli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nowadays Linux Containers 1 which have operating system level virtualization, are very popular over virtual machines (VMs) which have hypervisor or kernel level virtualization in high performance computing (HPC) due to reasons, such as high portability, high performance, efficiency and high security [1]. Hence, LXCs can make an efficient and secure big data analytic framework with the help of secure, efficient, easily scalable, and highly available databases. A concern for security on high performance computing clusters is high for the transdisciplinary Texas Tech University (TTU) EXPOSOME Project. This project mainly focuses on sensitive healthcare data which is operating in the Quanah Linux cluster in the High Performance Computing Center of Texas Tech University. Data privacy in this project is in 4 areas: the database, the network infrastructure, web applications, and physical security, in line with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The study in this paper investigates how to assure the TTU EXPOSOME Project data security by proposing a secure data analytic framework with the Singularity Linux container and the MongoDB NoSQL database, commonly available at TTU. First, the paper investigates what are the advantages of LXCs over VMs with security and performance perspectives. Then, it focuses on four main HIPAA required areas in data security, such as authentication, authorization, encryption, and auditing, in order to make sure system security is assured to handle healthcare data. Finally it shows how the TTU EXPOSOME Project strengthens security in the aforementioned four areas using MongoDB and Singularity, such that system security is approaching compliance with HIPAA.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUCC 2017 Companion - Companion Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages91-97
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781450351959
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2017
Event10th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing, UCC 2017 - Austin, United States
Duration: Dec 5 2017Dec 8 2017

Publication series

NameUCC 2017 Companion - Companion Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing

Conference

Conference10th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing, UCC 2017
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period12/5/1712/8/17

Keywords

  • Big Data
  • HIPAA
  • HPC
  • LXC
  • Linux
  • MongoDB
  • NoSQL
  • Security
  • Singularity

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