A Reconfigurable Planar Fresnel Lens for Millimeter-Wave 5G Frontends

Q. Xi, C. Ma, H. Li, B. Zhang, Changzhi Li, L. Ran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Besides the prohibitive cost, complexity, and baseband scale, the development of millimeter-wave (mmWave) digital-beamforming fifth-generation (5G) frontends is facing a physical-layer challenge of thermal dissipation. This is caused by the massively integrated power amplifiers (PAs) and the extremely compact volume due to millimeter-scale wavelengths. In this work, we theoretically analyze and experimentally demonstrate a reconfigurable planar Fresnel lens, based on which a new-concept mmWave beamforming frontend can be implemented with significantly reduced number of PAs. It overcomes the inherent shortcomings of analog beamforming solutions relying on massive use of power dividers and phase shifters and can replace the convex lens used in the recently proposed hybrid beamforming solution. The implemented Ka-band lens is simple-structured, cost-effective, and easy to control, providing multiple modes for beamspace massive-multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications. Experim
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4579-4588
JournalDefault journal
StatePublished - Nov 2020


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