A radio-selected black hole X-ray binary candidate in the milky way globular cluster M62

Laura Chomiuk, Jay Strader, Thomas J. Maccarone, James C.A. Miller-Jones, Craig Heinke, Eva Noyola, Anil C. Seth, Scott Ransom

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Abstract

We report the discovery of a candidate stellar-mass black hole in the Milky Way globular cluster M62. We detected the black hole candidate, which we call M62-VLA1, in the core of the cluster using deep radio continuum imaging from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. M62-VLA1 is a faint source with a flux density of 18.7 ± 1.9 μJy at 6.2 GHz and a flat radio spectrum (α = -0.24 ± 0.42, for S ν = να). M62 is the second Milky Way cluster with a candidate stellar-mass black hole; unlike the two candidate black holes previously found in the cluster M22, M62-VLA1 is associated with a Chandra X-ray source, supporting its identification as a black hole X-ray binary. Measurements of its radio and X-ray luminosity, while not simultaneous, place M62-VLA1 squarely on the well-established radio-X-ray correlation for stellar-mass black holes. In archival Hubble Space Telescope imaging, M62-VLA1 is coincident with a star near the lower red giant branch. This possible optical counterpart shows a blue excess, Hα emission, and optical variability. The radio, X-ray, and optical properties of M62-VLA1 are very similar to those for V404 Cyg, one of the best-studied quiescent stellar-mass black holes. We cannot yet rule out alternative scenarios for the radio source, such as a flaring neutron star or background galaxy; future observations are necessary to determine whether M62-VLA1 is indeed an accreting stellar-mass black hole.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume777
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • X-rays: general
  • black hole physics
  • globular clusters: individual (M62)
  • radio continuum: general

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    Chomiuk, L., Strader, J., Maccarone, T. J., Miller-Jones, J. C. A., Heinke, C., Noyola, E., Seth, A. C., & Ransom, S. (2013). A radio-selected black hole X-ray binary candidate in the milky way globular cluster M62. Astrophysical Journal, 777(1), [69]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/777/1/69