A meta-analytic review of the approach-avoidance achievement goals and performance relationships in the sport psychology literature

Marc Lochbaum, Jarrett Gottardy

Research output: Other contribution

Abstract

© 2015 Shanghai University of Sport. Purpose: To summarize the approach-avoidance achievement goal and performance in the sport psychology literature. Methods: A total of 17 published studies, two of which provided two samples, were located. Accepted meta-analytic procedures were used with Hedges g as the effect size metric. From the 17 studies, 73 effect sizes were calculated. Results: Results based on a random effects model indicated that the performance goal contrast had the largest facilitative impact on performance followed by the mastery and performance approach goals. Both of the avoidance goals performance and mastery had small non-significant and detrimental effects on performance. The homogeneity statistics revealed significant heterogeneity for the approach and avoidance performance goals. Categorical moderator variables were examined for study sex composition (male, female, or mixed), mean age of sample (<18 years or ≥18 years), study setting (lab or naturalistic), and nat
Original languageEnglish
PublisherJournal of Sport and Health Science
Volume4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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