A linguistic analysis of Quechua borrowings in Matto de Turner’s Aves sin nido: National ideology seen through linguistic incorporation

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Abstract

The current study qualitatively and quantitatively analyzes the Quechua borrowings in the discourse of the characters in Clorinda Matto de Turner’s Aves sin nido (1889). Drawing on concepts and findings from the sub eld of contact linguistics, the work examines the types of lexical and structural borrowing from Que­chua that is rejected in the text as well as the frequency of this borrowing between distinct social groups. The findings point to a use of Quechua forms that is consistent with contact linguistics’s borrowability scales of susceptibility. More importantly, the amount of Quechua is not equally used among the three social groups of the novel. The educated protagonists, los forasteros, incorporate significantly more Quechua borrowings than the corrupt notables. I propose that this is an ideological move by Matto de Turner to demonstrate that the future of Peru is one of linguistic (in addition to cultural and racial) incorporation. Additionally, the analysis provides an inn
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-253
JournalHispanic Studies Review
StatePublished - Nov 15 2017

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