A Lightweight Authentication Scheme for a Network of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) by Using Physical Unclonable Functions

Mohammed Saeed Alkatheiri, Sajid Saleem, Mohammed Ali Alqarni, Ahmad O. Aseeri, Sajjad Hussain Chauhdary, Yu Zhuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A network of agents constituted of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is emerging as a promising technology with myriad applications in the military, public, and civil domains. UAVs’ power, memory, and size constraints, ultra-mobile nature, and non-trusted operational environments make them susceptible to various attacks, including physical capturing and cloning attacks. A robust and resilient security protocol should be lightweight and resource-efficient in addition to providing protection against physical and tampering threats. This paper proposes an authentication protocol for a UAV-based multi-agent system robust against various threats and adversaries, including strong resistance against cloning and physical attacks. The proposed protocol is based on a physical unclonable function (PUF), a well-known hardware security primitive that is utilized for low-cost authentication and cryptographic key generation. The analysis of the proposed approach shows that it provides strong protection against various attacks, including tampering and cloning, and exhibits scalability and energy efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2921
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • IoT security
  • authentication
  • physical unclonable functions
  • tampering attack
  • unmanned aerial vehicles

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