A Field-based Three-Compartment Model Derived from Ultrasonography and Bioimpedance for Estimating Body Composition Changes

Grant M. Tinsley, Christian Rodriguez, Sarah J. White, Abegale D. Williams, Matthew T. Stratton, Patrick S. Harty, Robert W. Smith, Jacob R. Dellinger, Baylor A. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement between a field-based three-compartment (3CFIELD) model and a laboratory-based three-compartment (3CLAB) model for tracking body composition changes over time. METHODS: Resistance-trained males completed a supervised nutrition and resistance training intervention. Before and after the intervention, assessments were performed via air displacement plethysmography (ADP), bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS), portable ultrasonography (US), and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). ADP body density and BIS body water were used within the reference 3CLAB model, whereas US-derived body density and BIA body water were used within the 3CFIELD model. Two-compartment model body composition estimates provided by US and BIA were also examined. Changes in fat-free mass and fat mass were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA, equivalence testing, Bland-Altman analysis, linear regression, and related validity analyses. RESULTS: Significant increases in fat-free mass (3CLAB, 4.0 ± 4.5 kg; 3CFIELD, 3.9 ± 4.2 kg; US, 3.2 ± 4.3 kg; BIA, 3.9 ± 4.2 kg) and fat mass (3CLAB, 1.3 ± 2.2 kg; 3CFIELD, 1.4 ± 2.2 kg; US, 2.1 ± 2.6 kg; BIA, 1.4 ± 2.9 kg) were detected by all methods. However, only the 3CFIELD model demonstrated equivalence with the 3CLAB model. In addition, the 3CFIELD model exhibited superior performance to US and BIA individually, as indicated by the total error (3CFIELD, 1.0 kg; US, 1.8 kg; BIA, 1.6 kg), 95% limits of agreement (3CFIELD, ±2.1 kg; US, ±3.3 kg; BIA, ±3.1 kg), correlation coefficients (3CFIELD, 0.79-0.82; US, 0.49-0.55; BIA, 0.61-0.72), and additional metrics. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated the potential usefulness of a 3CFIELD model incorporating US and BIA data for tracking body composition changes over time, as well as its superiority to US or BIA individually. As such, this accessible multicompartment model may be suitable for implementation in field or limited-resource settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-667
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

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