A fall detection study on the sensors placement location and a rule-based multi-thresholds algorithm using both accelerometer and gyroscopes

Jerene Jacob, Tam Nguyen, Donald Y.C. Lie, Steven Zupancic, J. Bishara, Andrew Dentino, Ron E. Banister

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Falls are dangerous among the elderly population and are a major health concern. Many investigators have reported the use of accelerometers for fall detection. In addition, the use of miniature gyroscopes has also been reported to be able to detect falls, but the effects of sensor placement on the back of a person have not been studied thoroughly. In this paper we present a simple solution for effective fall detection using both an accelerometer and two gyroscopes placed, as a single unit, on three different positions along the thoracic vertebrae (i.e., T-4, T-7, and T-10). Results indicated that T-10 was not a good location for the gyroscope placement for fall detection. However, both T-4 and T-7 were suitable, with the results for T-4 being slightly better. Using a simple rule-based multi-thresholds algorithm that utilizes the recorded resultant gravitational acceleration, angular change, angular velocity, and angular acceleration, we were able to successfully detect all 60 falls and differentiate between falls and activities of daily living (ADL) with no false positives on young volunteers. More testing data is needed, especially for backward falls, to test the robustness of our simple algorithm and to improve the sensor portability for future trial studies on geriatric populations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFUZZ 2011 - 2011 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems - Proceedings
Pages666-671
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Event2011 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, FUZZ 2011 - Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: Jun 27 2011Jun 30 2011

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems
ISSN (Print)1098-7584

Conference

Conference2011 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, FUZZ 2011
CountryTaiwan, Province of China
CityTaipei
Period06/27/1106/30/11

Keywords

  • T-4
  • accelerometer
  • activities of daily living (ADL)
  • fall detection
  • gyroscope
  • sensor

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