A cutting force model for rotary ultrasonic machining of brittle materials

Defu Liu, W. L. Cong, Z. J. Pei, Yongjun Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Scopus citations


Knowing cutting force in rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) can help optimizing input variables. RUM of brittle materials has been investigated both experimentally and theoretically. However, there are no reports on cutting force models for RUM of brittle materials. This paper presents a mechanistic model for cutting force in RUM of brittle materials. Assuming that brittle fracture is the primary mechanism of material removal in RUM of brittle materials, the cutting force model is developed step by step. On the basis of this mechanistic model, relationships between cutting force and input variables (such as spindle speed, feed rate, ultrasonic vibration amplitude, abrasive size, and abrasive concentration) are predicted. Experiments are conducted for model verification and experimental results agree well with model predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • Brittle material
  • Ceramic
  • Cutting force
  • Drilling
  • Predictive model
  • Rotary ultrasonic machining


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