A comprehensive model of project team technical performance

Wen Hsing Liu, Jennifer A. Cross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Project teams are commonly used within organizations and have been widely studied. Yet, there is still no consensus on how to define project team success and which factors contribute most strongly to success. This study sought to develop an initial, comprehensive model of project team technical performance, using a diverse sample of 133 teams, and employing regression analysis and structural equation modeling. Effectiveness, efficiency, and innovation were found to be the primary dimensions of technical performance. Each was predicted by a different set of factors, with few factors predicting multiple dimensions. Management support, cooperation, and communication were positively related to effectiveness; efficiency was positively related to goal clarity, cooperation, and team harmony, but negatively related to team diversity; and, innovation was positively associated with knowledge/skill and cohesion, but negatively associated with team harmony. Future research should identify additional influential factors and further explore the relationships found in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1150-1166
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Project Management
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016


  • Effectiveness
  • Efficiency
  • Innovation
  • Project team performance


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