A comparison of various forms of reinforcement with and without extinction as treatment for escape-maintained problem behavior

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Abstract

The present investigation compared the effects of reinforcing compliance with either positive or negative reinforcement for a participant who displayed escape-maintained problem behavior. The results indicated that positive reinforcement in the form of a highly preferred edible or leisure item produced higher levels of compliance and lower levels of problem behavior when compared to negative reinforcement in the form of escape from demands. In addition, an extinction procedure was unnecessary to achieve high levels of compliance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-546
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • Escape-maintained extinction
  • Functional analysis
  • Negative reinforcement
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Problem behavior

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