A chemical test for determining biological availability of aged chemicals in soil

H. Awata, G. P. Cobb, T. A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Aging is one of several processes that axe known to affect exposure of chemicals to organisms by decreasing the available fraction of chemical contaminants in soil. This phenomenon has important implications in the assessment of the hazards of chemicals and regulations for soil cleanup. Passive sampling devices (PSDs) axe potentially direct chemical indicators for assessing bioavailability of pesticides (and other chemicals). PSDs consist of lipophilic material within a semi-permeable membrane, similar to biological systems. In this study, a pesticide mixture was aged in soil for up to eight months. Earthworms and PSDs were placed in soil and chemical uptake into both was determined over time. Uptake rates into PSDs and maximum concentrations were observed to positively correlate with uptake rates and maximum concentrations in earthworms for both of the soil types studied (sandy loam, silt loam). These results indicate that PSDs may be used as a surrogate for earthworms and provide a chemical technique for assessing the availability of aged chemical residues in soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000


  • Aging
  • Bioavailability
  • DDT
  • Organochlorine pesticides


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