A brief discussion: Thermodynamic and dynamic fragilities, non-divergent dynamics and the Prigogine-Defay ratio

Gregory B. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article brings together some of the work performed by the present author and collaborators that is related to the glass transition event and to some of its entropy aspects. The purpose of the work and discussion was motivated by a view that some of the frameworks in which we currently look at glassy behavior, while potentially useful, may also have limitations that we often do not fully consider. Discussion focuses on isochoric glass formation paths, thermodynamic and dynamic fragilities and how dynamic fragility in many systems (especially polymers, metals, ionic liquids and hydrogen bonding systems) seems to vary primarily with the glass transition temperature itself. This leads to the conclusion that such systems have an apparent activation energy that varies as the square of the glass temperature. The work then discusses evidence for a non-diverging relaxation time or viscosity as the glass temperature is approached and ends with a discussion of the Prigogine-Defay ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-671
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume355
Issue number10-12
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Keywords

  • Fragility
  • Glass transition
  • Polymers and organics
  • Rheology
  • Stress relaxation
  • Structural relaxation
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Viscosity and relaxation

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